To choose the correct carpet will increase well-being and comfort in the home. When choosing a carpet there will always be a selection of designs and colours which are attractive to you. But when you add health and well being the purchase of a carpet then also includes the raw materials the carpet is manufactured from and the quality of the carpet.
The many choices available
The carpet purchaser is faced with a myriad of choices when choosing carpets for his/her home. However 3 things are ultimately important when evaluating the purchase of a carpet, these are the pile, the raw material used for the pile and finally the backing.
The pile of a carpet is the yarn which makes up the surface of the carpet. This yarn can be both long or short cut or non cut. The majority of carpets are tufted today. Tufting is achieved by a large sewing machine with a lot of parallel needles which create long lines of yarn loops close together. This gives a strong and soil resistant surface. These loops are then fixed by glue and given the required backing, this is a loop pile carpet. Examples of these are boucle and berber, which have a short and long pile respectively.
Alternatively the loops can be cut, fixed by glue and given the required backing, this is a cutpile carpet. This gives the carpet a softer feel but reduces its wearing ability. Examples of this are shag or velour carpet, the shag being long and the velour being short. The qualities of a carpet are also dependent on the density of the yarn used, the more yarn the better wear and easier the carpet is to clean.
Wool or manmade fibres
The pile of a carpet can consist of wool or manmade fibre both of which are used with equal success in carpets. The choice of pile yarn depends on the use the carpet is designed for. Man made fibres give very good wear performance and do not readily absorb moisture. Wool fibres in contrast are soft and have a natural tendency to right themselves due to their inbuilt elasticity.
The carpet backing
One can ask oneself why be concerned about something which is not visible. However a carpets backing is just as important for the amount of carpet comfort and the wear performance as is the visible pile. There is a foam backing on the majority of carpet and if this is thick and soft the carpet will have a nice cushioned feel to it. The wear performance of a carpet is also dependent on the backing material its thickness and rigidity.
The advantages of carpet
- • Good walking comfort
- • Reduces noise levels
- • Creates better acoustics
- • Reduces heat loss
- • Gives a large selection of colours and designs facilitating good interior design
The living room
A carpet for a living room in a family where this room is used often and every day in is different to a carpet for a living room with very little traffic. It is therefore of the upmost importance that you know what is expected of your carpet before you buy it. As a result no specific carpet type is recommended for a living room. A nice long pile carpet could be exquisite, but if your children play ball in the living room then another carpet should be considered.
A soft long pile carpet is ideal for the bedroom, but perhaps not the best choice for the children’s bedrooms. A more robust carpet would be more suitable here. Even though you have different types of carpet it is possible to get the same colours and pattern matches.
It is important, that carpets in corridors and entrances have very good wear performance. It is normally advised to use a short loop pile in these areas.